Can The Movie “Frozen” Teach Parents How To Raise Children With Special Needs?

One mother believes that it was this movie that taught her how to interact with her 6-year-old son, Sam, who requires hearing aids. Even without the ability to hear on his own, he’s still quite fond of singing. His mother, Tina, said that the situation was much different when he was a toddler. He was out of control. She described his willful nature as comparable to Elsa, the protagonist of the movie Frozen.

Susan Henderson, executive director of Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund’s parent training center, said that “Elsa’s ability to make snow and ice makes her different from her parents, her sister Anna and everyone else around her.”

For Tina and her son, that’s where the relatability can be discerned. That’s where the learning comes into play.

“As a result, others treat her differently,” Henderson continued. “Like Elsa, children with disabilities are often the only ones in their family who are disabled, and they may be similarly misunderstood, treated differently or segregated. This is, in part, why so many disabled kids identify with her. They know what it is like to feel isolated and alone, even at home.”

Sam didn’t pick up Frozen when it came out in 2013, primarily because he had only just been born. But the movie has continued to find new viewers ever since, and Sam was one of them.

Tina wrote, “When I eventually saw it, one of my first thoughts was, Elsa’s parents handled her supernatural penchant for turning everything to ice terribly, even if it was well-intentioned. Obviously they don’t want her to be a danger to herself or others, particularly her sister. But making her hide away? …Instead of giving Elsa the tools she needed to manage her ability — or disability, as they treated it — they tried to force her into something she wasn’t. No wonder why she was so messed up.”

And that so perfectly describes similar situations that real-world parents find themselves placed in when trying to learn about, and interact with, their own special needs children.

Assistant Professor of Media Studies at the University of Virginia, Elizabeth Ellcessor says, “I can see how Elsa’s experiences with her powers in Frozen may be interpreted as similar to experiences of disabled children. She has a notable difference in her capacities, and that difference affects her ability to interact with people and society around her.”

And that’s the important takeaway from the movie, she describes. “Because others aren’t prepared for her differences, she is isolated and takes on significant shame around her powers; this recalls what we call the ‘social model’ of disability, in which experiences of disability are caused not by individual bodies, but by a society that is based around a small range of ‘normal’ bodies and abilities, and thus excludes people who don’t fit within that range.”

And that’s why education is so fundamentally important.

Woman Indicted For Embezzlement Scheme To Steal Money From Non-Profit For Kids With Special Needs

Police discovered that Michelle DeMauro, a 48-year old from Revere, Massachusetts, had been embezzling cash from the nonprofit where she once worked as president. She used tens of thousands of dollars of the nonprofit’s money. The worst part? The nonprofit was called the Revere League for Special Needs.

The organization is built to keep kids with special needs safe, and to increase education of those who care for them. Workers are all volunteers. No one receives monetary compensation for the work they do.

DeMauro seems intent on proclaiming her innocence. She said that it was all a misunderstanding based on: “Very bad bookkeeping. Very, very bad bookkeeping.”

Her indictment was for two counts of larceny over $1,200 and another two counts of obtaining a signature under false pretenses.

Attorney General Maura Healey said that DeMauro used at least $42,000 to pay for expenses like home improvement, electronics, and gift cards, and that at least a few of her purchases used the non-profit status to dodge taxes.

DeMauro said she thinks the whole thing is fabricated: “I don’t even know where they got $42,000. That’s a made up number.”

According to an online profile, the “Revere League for the Retarded, Inc.” was also headed by DeMauro before its non-profit tax exempt status was revoked by the IRS. Apparently the organization failed to file the correct tax forms for at least three consecutive years and is currently under investigation.

The nonprofit’s mission statement says: “Care for the mentally impaired thru travel/entertainment/social functions, etc.”

Interested in giving special needs organizations and nonprofits a better name? Here are a few that are looking for help and/or donations:

Easter Seals provides help for both children and adults who suffer from disabilities or special needs. They cater to children, senior, and vets with targeted therapy and education.

The Arc provides information and referrals to employment, residential, and recreational programs for intellectual and developmental disabilities, including autism, Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, etc.

Friendship Circle International is a Jewish organization dedicated to kids who are growing up with special needs, and runs 80 locations around the globe. It utilizes teenage volunteers in an effort to cultivate peer understanding and diverse, mutually beneficial relationships between kids in different walks of life.

Goodwill Industries International helps out with financially coaching and educating anyone with special needs, young or old — even if those people have criminal backgrounds. Their mission is to cultivate understanding throughout the community.

Do Parents’ Divorce Adversely Affect Kids With Disabilities More Than Other Kids?

Divorce is a struggle for most families and it can be especially difficult for children to understand why it sometimes is the very best option for parents — and studies show that it is. Most parents who stay together simply for the sake of their kids seem to do more harm than good. But is the same true for kids who grow up with behavioral disorders or disabilities? Do divorcing parents adversely affect their kids with disabilities more than other kids?

The question has been asked in the wake of Todd and Sarah Palin’s likely upcoming divorce, and experts are calling out those who would spread certain myths.

A young divorce attorney named Miranda gives parents a bit of advice: “There’s no statistically relevant empirical data proving that a child with autism cannot have two happily married parents. The idea that parents with a child on the spectrum cannot stay married is simply untrue.” 

She continues, “Parents who are suffering difficulties with their kids or in their marriage should take the same steps as anyone else — it might be time for counseling. Separation or divorce is always a last resort for parents who want to do best by their children; sadly, sometimes divorce is the only thing that makes sense, and it’s important to acknowledge that reality too.” 

That said, the rumor that children with disabilities are more likely to have unhappy or divorced parents is rooted in a concept known as “ableism” which simply posits that fewer disabilities and more conformity mean a better life for everyone. Experts are quick to point out that such a narrow-minded set of beliefs can cause otherwise good parents to become unhappy or divorce out of a sort of self-fulfilled prophecy.

Divorce in some cases is worse for disabled kids than those who live without disability. 

According to the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study published by the National Institute of Health (NIH), “divorce rates were not elevated, on average, in families with a child with developmental disabilities. However, in small families, there was a significantly higher risk of divorce relative to a normative comparison group.”

But part of the reason is because parents struggle to understand the basic needs of their kids. Understanding and meeting those needs is crucial to a healthy transition. Maintaining a strong bond between a child and both the child’s parents is equally important, and both homes must be safe, stable places for the child to visit if custody is shared.

In addition, it’s important for parents to keep asking questions. The child’s wishes are important to creating the stable environment necessary.

South Carolina Teacher Charged With Murder After Special Needs Student Dies

When we send our kids off to school, we trust the adults who are paid to keep them safe to do exactly that. The apprehension we feel when placing that trust in people we don’t always know is often amplified when our kids have special needs or fail to fit in as easily as other kids do. But those adults don’t always keep our kids safe. They don’t always do their job. 

Such was the case in South Carolina only last week when a 13-year-old girl who had special needs was locked in a hot car. 

A 911 call was placed early Monday evening. The deputies who responded to the call arrived at the scene where the 13-year-old girl had been left in the car on Low Country Highway. According to the 911 call, she was not breathing. Family members had already pulled the girl out of the vehicle when authorities arrived, but it was too late. She had already succumbed to the heat.

Two people were charged with murder the next day, one a 49-year-old early childhood education teacher, Rita Pangalangan, who works at the Colleton County School District. School officials acknowledged that she was put on paid leave while an investigation into the matter is conducted. Also arrested was Larry King, a 41-year-old man.

Both Pangalangan and King were at the scene of the girl’s death, but no further information was provided as to why the pair was arrested or how they were connected to the tragic events that transpired that evening. They were denied bond on Tuesday last week.

An autopsy is being conducted. 

Students who have special needs are among the most underrepresented groups in the United States, and sustain more injuries at school than other children. Part of the problem is the result of understaffed schools. Children with special needs are more difficult to teach, and without the right training, their educators will make mistakes. Sometimes resources for properly training educators how to deal with individual disabilities or special needs simply are not available. 

Until new legislation is passed, this problem is only likely to become worse.

Was your special needs child injured during what should have been a routine education? We want to hear your story. Valiente Law is a Miami-based criminal defense law firm that also specializes in personal injury, and can help you seek justice for your child.

NYC Plans to Address Special Education Issues

Following on from a scathing report into the failures that have been found in the special education system in New York City, officials have acknowledged that there are some flaws at various levels of the system and that they plan to address them.

The education department issued a statement explaining the systemic failures that were identified in the state review which was published in May and found that the initial evaluations for the special education services were often delayed or had not happened at all. Officials have promised to make a series of reforms which will tackle a range of issues. One thing that was highlighted was the fact that mandated service needs are not always met, and that the appeals process is currently overwhelmed, which means that students who are in need often find themselves in limbo.

Advocates Unimpressed With The Response

Advocates were unimpressed with the response. The city has promised that there will be better special education programs for preschoolers and that hundreds of new staff will be hired to help to conduct evaluations and to handle any disputes regarding services.

Chancellor Richard Carranza said that the education department is committed to taking steps to improve special education, however, there are many who fear that the reforms may not have a big enough impact on the ground. Currently, there are more than 220,000 students who have disabilities. That is a significant portion of the population. Those with special education needs, as a population, face worse academic outcomes than those of a similar age who do not have special needs.

The latest statistics indicate that almost one-quarter of students with disabilities are deprived of access to one or more required services. Thousands of students in the city are not given access to any of the mandated services at all. Those children face poorer outcomes and this could greatly impact their long-term prospects.

The city is proposing the addition of 200 new special education preschool seats, as well as thousands of 3-K seats. There is demand for far more than 200 seats at the pre-school level, however, so campaigners are disappointed with the lack of support at that level.

Critics call the department’s goals unambitious, noting that just 68% of requested evaluations for special services at the preschool level take place on time. The goal is to boost this by five percent, which is still viewed as being too low by many.

What Parents Wish They Knew Before Their Child Was Diagnosed On The Spectrum

Finding out one of your kids is on the autism spectrum isn’t easy, especially because we’re still learning about how these kids can best be taught to interact as productive members of society. It can be a scary pill for parents to swallow. The good news is this: more and more information is available year by year. We’re learning. We’re growing. And we’re all helping one another up and over these challenging obstacles.

There are a lot of things many parents of a child on the spectrum wished they had known before diagnosis. Here are just a few:

  1. Although those on the spectrum might be invisible before interaction takes place, it doesn’t mean that completely separate medical issues won’t impact your child in mysterious (and unwanted) ways. A bout of diarrhea or stomach bug can wreak havoc on someone who is on the spectrum, but the victim won’t always shout out his or her symptoms. You won’t always know what’s wrong, but you’ll know something is up. Many parents wish they’d known how to communicate during these scenarios ahead of time.

  2. Doctors can be wrong, and often are. Parental instincts shouldn’t be ignored, and that means that sometimes it can be necessary to hunt down the second opinion you think will justify your concerns, which are often right on point. A proper diagnosis for someone on the spectrum means a lifetime worth of personalized, appropriate treatment and a real chance at living a “normal” life by the time adulthood comes around.

  3. Many parents are misguided into thinking their child doesn’t have a normal range of emotions during the early stages after diagnosis. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Autistic kids and others who experience similar diagnoses feel just as much as anyone else. Sometimes they likely feel even more. The difference lies in how they learn to express it.

  4. A child on the spectrum can mean change for the better. These struggles won’t just help parent and child learn to interact during the traditionally problematic years of adolescence, they will lead you to become that much closer. The entire family is more likely to learn patience, empathy, and compassion by having your child in their lives.

  5. Those on the spectrum don’t require a cure, they require constant support, learning, and human interaction on a deeper level than most other kids, who are more independent. They’re different. They’re unique. They’re not broken.

  6. When a baby cries, it means something: hunger, dirty diaper, no attention, etc. Kids on the spectrum don’t always use words to communicate even when they grow older, which can be a tremendous burden on parents. But the “enthusiastic” behavior always means something. It’s the parent’s job to figure out what that something is.

Special Education In Preschool

Section 619 of the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA Act) addresses creating a special education preschool program for children ages 3 to 5. Part B of Section 619 guarantees free appropriate public education (FAPE) to students who have developmental delays and/or disabilities after their third birthday.

Many parents are nervous to send their delayed or disabled kid to a public school. Although Section 619 can help those who decide to teach their kids at home, to maximize the effectiveness of the services, it is better for it to be done in traditional preschool settings with the help with a special education instructor. There are several benefits for using your services in conjunction with a regular preschool because children with disabilities need socialization with peers, to play, to hear language and gain other skills the same as other children. Also, exposing non-disabled children to children with disabilities early on will reduce the stigma that people with disabilities are bad. Children can learn that they are not so different and that everyone learns in their own unique way. Also, if your child is attending a public preschool, the school must also provide transportation.

If you are not sure if your child needs special education services, there are diagnostic screenings available to determine if your child has a delay or disability. Based on your child’s test results and reports, you might be eligible to apply for Section 619. The team will develop what is called an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) and give recommendations for other services like speech therapy and physical therapy.

If you don’t know where to turn, every state has a Section 619 coordinator. You can find your state’s coordinator at this website: http://ectacenter.org/contact/619coord.asp

Between early intervention and preschool special education programs, there’s a chance that the child might not need special education as they progress throughout their school years depending on the delay or disability. Everyone has the right to FAPE.

Does Special Education Teach Kids To Conform?

Soyoung Park, an assistant professor in equity and diversity in special education at the University of Texas at Austin, recently wrote in a piece that our Special Education system was an example of our country’s unhealthy obsession with conformity. She argues

Our education system is an enterprise designed to “fix” children who do not fit the norms of school. These norms are based on a white, middle class, able-bodied culture. Children learn from a very young age that if they are different — in their behavior, way of thinking, language, etc. — they will fail.

However, other leading experts in the field of Special Education counter her argument. In an article written by three special education professors: Andrew Wiley, an associate professor of special education at Kent State University; Dimitris Anastasiou, an associate professor of special education at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale; and Jim Kauffman, professor emeritus in special education at the University of Virginia.

In their article, they argue that Park mispresents the purpose and function of special need education. The main purpose of special education, which is mandated through the federal law known as the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA Act) is to maximize learning for students with disabilities. The three experts go on to say that learning to read from left to right does not mean that they are forcing students to conform or that they do not believe in diversity.

They continue to argue that special education does promote diversity because it promotes instruction and other services catered to the individuals learning differences. They continue

he idea that special education is “designed” to punish or stigmatize difference. Such a claim does a major disservice to generations of stakeholders who have fought for the civil rights of students with disabilities. Pointing out instances of special education practiced badly is one thing; condemning the whole endeavor is quite another.

As people who suppose Free Appropriate Public Education, do you agree with Parks or Wiley, Anastasiou, and Kauffman? It doesn’t take a Houston criminal defense law firm to understand that without special education that many students would not get the services and programs that they need in order to get a proper education. As presented on this site, there are so many different kinds of disabilities that making the disables an already diverse group of people. In our opinion, is no way teaching them to read and write forcing them to conform to society.

Why Is The Rate Of Diagnosis For Autism Spectrum Disorder Increasing?

A number of studies have tried to find a definitive link between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and early childhood vaccination, and each has failed. The old conspiracy theory has been properly debunked time and time again, but it seems that skeptics just won’t let it die. Of course, part of the problem are the unanswered questions that must then continue to be asked. If vaccination has nothing to do with rising ASD rates, then what gives?

Part of the reason lies in the way we collect and categorize information. The definition of ASD has changed a great deal over the last few decades, and the ability to diagnose the disorder has increased in proportion to the new information. One of the biggest reasons that people believe that cases of autism are on the rise is their confusion between actual cases and diagnosed cases.

Whereas autism is nothing new, the ability of medical professionals to better diagnose the disorder leads to “new” cases. The children had autism before; it’s just that now we know they do.

Certain demographics and populations of patients are often underrepresented because they lack proper healthcare resources. As the access these communities might enjoy starts to grow, so too do the statistics for the disorders and diseases that might affect them. A decade ago, white children were far more likely to be diagnosed by ASD than other less-represented ethnicities. The numbers have been playing catch-up for a long time, but we’re finally getting there.

Another part of the puzzle is proximity to the diagnostic centers. There aren’t enough of them in more rural areas where people are less likely to travel far distances for medical care, so one region’s diagnosed individuals can differ greatly from another’s. For example, there are more reported cases of ASD in New Jersey than Arkansas, simply because New Jersey residents are closer to help.

Beyond that, medical professionals are placed under a great deal of pressure to diagnose children with potential behavioral or developmental disorders as early as possible in order to avoid less desirable outcomes. Most children aren’t diagnosed until between age four and five, which is a “late” diagnosis of a disorder for which the signs are readily noticeable by the age of two.

The conclusion that should be drawn by the laymen? There is no real reason to worry about “increasing” rates of ASD diagnosis.

15 Early Warning Signs Your Child Might Be On The Autism Spectrum

The number of children who grow up with autism is increasing, and it’s important to know when your child might be at risk so you can effectively combat the developmental disorder as quickly as possible. Most early warning signs become apparent before your child hits the age of two, so it’s never too early to start watching! Here are the earliest warning signs you might notice if your child is on the autism spectrum!

It might be autism…

  1. If your child seems unusually sensitive to certain sounds, images, textures, or other sensory activities.
  2. If your child speaks with an unusual voice or tone.
  3. If your child cannot play with toys as you might expect.
  4. If your child cannot let go of objects.
  5. If your child makes awkward or unusual hand gestures.
  6. If your child does not react to stimuli in the same way that other children might. This might include ignoring the sound of your voice when you try to be soothing.
  7. If your child seems less enthusiastic than other children of the same age.
  8. If your child does not make eye contact with you.
  9. If your child does not smile when you do.
  10. If your child does not point at objects. It is normal for children to become curious about their surrounding environment.
  11. If your child does not start to respond to certain sound stimuli, such as his or her name.
  12. If your child does not like physical affection.
  13. If your child has yet to speak his or her first word by age two.
  14. If your child seems to have fewer facial expressions than other children.
  15. If you cannot gain your child’s attention or direct it.

By age two, your child should become more interactive with both the environment and its people. If trouble arises in communication or repeated behaviors which seem unusual, it might be time to have a specialist try to diagnose your child. If your child is already older and seems unable to fit in at school or with peers in other social situations, then there might be a problem.

It’s important to know that autism presents differently and symptoms are often dependent on the individual. Some kids who grow up with autism will learn to interact normally by the time they reach adulthood, while others will not. This is why it’s extremely important to talk to an estate planning attorney about special needs planning.  This way you can ensure that your special needs child will have the financial security they need when you are no longer around to take care of them.