What Is Bipolar Disorder? An Overview

If you’re interested in learning more about what bipolar disorder truly is, then this guide is going to explain the disorder, as well as give you further information regarding common symptoms and effective treatments. With this in mind, let’s take a closer look.

What is bipolar disorder?

In general, bipolar disorder is considered to be a form of brain disorder that has an impact on a person’s mood, energy levels, and overall ability to function in their everyday life.

Additionally, the disorder can be categorized in three different ways, breaking down into the bipolar I, bipolar II, or cyclothymic disorder, which tends to be the rarest but mildest form of the condition.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms a person will suffer from can vary greatly, but most sufferers of bipolar disorder will experience some form of extreme mood swings, which tend to follow a cycle of manic episodes followed by deeper depressive episodes where they can feel incredible sadness and hopelessness about their life.

Of course, this can often be misdiagnosed as depression, but the key distinction between the two is that bipolar disorder will feature manic episodes whereas depression does not come with the manic episodes, which are specifically associated with bipolar.

What are the solutions?

Fortunately, it’s good to know that most forms of bipolar disorder can be treated with a combination of medication based intervention along with psychotherapy.

In most cases, mood stabilizers tend to be the most effective medical solution, although anticonvulsant medication is also used in some instances.

For best recovery and management of the condition, therapy is essential for helping a person process their experience as well as helping the sufferer to gain a deeper understanding of how the condition works and how they can still lead a normal life.

What’s more, ongoing treatment is often needed in order to prevent relapse, which can be common even when the sufferer feels that they have finally got a handle on the condition.

In the most extreme circumstances, treatment such as electroconvulsive therapy has been used to great effect, although this remains controversial.


Overall, the bipolar condition is often misdiagnosed as depression or similar mental disorders, but it’s certainly worth gaining a better understanding of what bipolar disorder truly is. If you suspect that you may be suffering from bipolar disorder, then it’s wise to consult a medical professional as soon as possible to receive the proper diagnosis and to learn more about the different treatment options available to you.