The human body can suffer and endure various types of physical injuries and impairments; however, many of these impairments can have a detrimental influence on the individual’s daily functioning. An orthopedic impairment is a type of impairment that can offer this negative effect because this can result in an incapacity for walking or sitting. Fortunately, orthopedic impairments can be effectively treated using traditional treatments such a physiotherapy or surgery. This article will provide information on five different types of orthopedic impairments and how they can be treated.
Osteomyelitis is a chronic condition affecting an individual’s bones and joints. It is triggered by specific bacteria and slowly destroys the bones by the disintegration of the matter. Due to the presence of bacteria and infection, pus is produced by the immune system which can result in a discharge with bad odor. This condition is most often introduced into the body through untreated abrasions and if it is not treated quickly, reconstructive orthopedic surgery may be required.
2. Spinal Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis, also known as TB, is a highly infectious disease that can result in severe symptoms and death. When it is evident in the spine, it will cause a disintegration of the spinal column and the nerves. During this process, the impairment can be detrimental and will affect various areas of an individual’s life; therefore resulting in death if not treated correctly. Spinal tuberculosis can be identified in the thickening of the chest after a sharp bend is evident in the spinal region.
3. Cerebral Palsy
While cerebral palsy is technically a type of chronic motor condition affecting the body in entirety, it can lead to an inability to move, a lack of muscle tone, and a lack of muscle coordination. In the most severe cases, cerebral palsy will result in brain damage and the patient can experience a loss of mental capacity. This is particularly evident if the condition occurs when the baby is in the womb.
4. The Cleft Lip
A cleft lip is a common deformity and will occur as part of childhood development. The various parts of the face continue to form and, typically, the body will fuse the areas together. However, if the fusion between the medial and the maxillary nasal regions are not adequately fused, a cleft will form.
5. Angular Bone Deformity
An angular bone deformity is a simple bending of the bones above the knee and is a result of variations in normal growth patterns. The angular deformity will contribute to “knock knees” or “bow legs” and this can become worse as the child ages. This is considered as an orthopedic impairment because if this is not treated it can lead to unavoidable joint damage.